Percy Lavon Julian (April 11, 1899 – April 19, 1975)
Mr. Julian was the grandson of a slave who lost two fingers as a punishment for “wanting to learn”. We are all “FREE to LEARN” and “FREE to be GOOD To OURSELVES” and “FREE to BE GOOD to OTHERS”! When we really do the best of the American Creed we all win in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics because America is the real McCoy when it comes to being the greatest idea for a society in the world!
Test questions for my East Coast students:
1) What is the “real McCoy” all about?; 2) Find out the name of Mr. Julian’s company; 3) List the names of his 130 patents…and write a 500 word essay about who Julian was to the development of Scientific Research in America and the World?
Percy Lavon Julian was one of the first African-Americans to receive a doctorate in chemistry and elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1973 in recognition of his scientific achievements. He became the second African-American to be inducted, after David Blackwell.
This distinction is very significant even today! When we in education talk about the importance of a STEM education meaning school instruction in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics we get our advice on learning standards from 1) The National Academy of Sciences, The National Academy of Engineering, The Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council set the bar for studies. Mr Julian was a master at chemistry!
The National Academy of Science however is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use of for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Today. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is the president of the National Academy of Science.
He was the first to synthesize the natural product physostigmine, and a pioneer in the industrial large-scale chemical synthesis of the human hormones progesterone and testosterone from plant sterols such as stigmasterol and sitosterol. His work would lay the foundation for the steroid drug industry’s production of cortisone, other corticosteroids, and birth control pills.
He later started his own company to synthesize steroid intermediates from the Mexican wild yam. His work helped greatly reduce the cost of steroid intermediates to large multinational pharmaceutical companies, helping to significantly expand the use of several important drugs.
During his lifetime he received more than 130 chemical patents. Julian was one of the first African-Americans to receive a doctorate in chemistry. He was the first African-American chemist inducted into the National Academy of Sciences, and the second African-American scientist inducted from any field.
Please read his life’s story because scientific people were young once and come to us with “human experiences” that we can learn and relate to also! You may have the making of a scientist if you know what to study and have the heart for hard work and serving mankind.
Others to Research who loved Science like Some of You do now!
GET More… STEM INFORMATION FROM
This link http://www.nap.edu/
Educators, get Information from:
The “Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics”. It’s FREE too.
Read and evaluate the concept of S.T.E.E.M by W. Calvin Anderson, M.Ed